2013 in 13 photos.

Some I cherish because of the moment, some because of what they represent.

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A fleeting moment when the moon hit this cluster of bioluminescent mushrooms, lighting the log they were on, yet not obscuring their luminescence. One shot was all I had before the moon moved on. If I had one photo from 2013 to keep, this would be it.

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A tiny pholcid mother displaying maternal care. She was less than 2 mm long. How did all those eggs fit in her?

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Another female pholcid carrying eggs just about to hatch.

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Yet another display of maternal care, a female Argiope versicolor laboriously spins a protective egg sac.

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An enicocephalid nymph. Enicocephalidae is the only known heteropteran family to swarm. Some even shed their wings. Interestingly, they have fully membranous forewings even though they have been placed in Heteroptera.

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A polyxenid millipede, a fascinating little creature with a peculiar defense against ants.

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A harvestman eating a plant hopper. Opiliones are strange little creatures that seem to eat anything from mushroom caps to harmless invertebrates to predators like ants and spiders. Some fluoresce under UV light, some, such as this sandokanid, smell of dettol.

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Scorpions are among the most well known arthropods that fluoresce under UV light.

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However, UV fluorescence is actually quite a common thing among living creatures. This sparassid fluoresces cyan, while the fern leaf it sits on fluoresces red. A venture into the forest with a good UV torch can be an interesting experience.

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Face to face with a deinopid. This one seemed to have lens hoods. Deinopids are unusual in that they ambush prey by sight in the dark, having some of the most light sensitive eyes in the animal world.

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A “spider” from the marine world, this tiny, cryptic pycnogonid is actually quite common on some of Singapore’s shores, if one looks hard enough.

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A cute salticid. Salticids are, of course, saltatory.

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This velvet mite has quite fascinating hind legs.

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